Does Norway have free movement of EU citizens? - 2023 (2023)

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European Economic Area (EEA) The EEA agreement grants Norway access to the EU’s single market.This arrangement facilitates free movement of goods, capital, services and people between the EU and EFTA members including Norway.



  • 1 Can European Union citizens move freely between countries in the EU?
  • 2 Which EU countries have freedom of movement?
  • 3 Can Norwegians work in the EU?
  • 4 Is there free movement in the EU?
  • 5 Does Switzerland have free movement with EU?
  • 6 Can EU citizens live in Switzerland?
  • 7 Do EU permanent residents have freedom of movement?
  • 8 Can EU citizens work anywhere in Europe?
  • 9 How long can EU citizen stay in Spain?
  • 10 Can Norwegians move to the UK?
  • 11 Is Norway richer than Sweden?
  • 12 What country isn’t in the EU?
  • 13 When did the EU allow free movement?
  • 14 Does Ireland have free movement?
  • 15 Does Norway have freedom of movement?
  • 16 Which countries have left EU?
  • 17 Is Croatia EU?
  • 18 Can EU citizens work in Turkey?
  • 19 Can EU citizens work in Canada?
  • 20 Can EU citizens work in UK?

Can European Union citizens move freely between countries in the EU?

EU citizens have the absolute freedom to study, work, live and retire in any European Union country.Visitors to the EU can travel freely between countries in the Schengen Area, after entering one of them, but not all EU countries are in the Schengen Area.

Which EU countries have freedom of movement?

The free movement of persons is one of the core rights guaranteed in the European Economic Area (EEA), the extended Internal Market which unites all the EU Member States and three EEA EFTA States – Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.

Can Norwegians work in the EU?

Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway
Although these countries are not members of the EU, their nationals can work in the EU on the same footing as EU nationals, since they belong to the European Economic Area.

See also What is the Netherlands population 2021?

Is there free movement in the EU?

EU, EEA and Swiss citizens have the right to move freely within the territory of the European Union, European Economic Area and Switzerland. When they are lawfully in one of those countries, they should not be treated differently from citizens of that country in terms of: Access to employment. Working conditions.

Does Switzerland have free movement with EU?

The bilateral Agreement on the free movement of persons (AFMP), signed in 1999 and into force since 2002, confers upon the citizens of Switzerland and of the member states of the European Union (EU) the right to freely choose their place of employment and residence within the national territories of the contracting

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Can EU citizens live in Switzerland?

Most EU/EFTA citizens – and their relatives or partners – can live and work in Switzerland without restrictions, but need to obtain a residence permit.

Do EU permanent residents have freedom of movement?

European Union
Union residents are given the right to enter any member state for up to three months with a valid passport or national identity card.EU citizens also earn a right to permanent residence in member states they have maintained an uninterrupted five-year period of legal residence.

Can EU citizens work anywhere in Europe?

If you are a citizen of the European Union (EU), you have the right to live and work in any other EU country.You may be refused entry, and/or your right of residence in another member state may be restricted on grounds of public policy, public security, or public health.

See also What is the average house price in Norway?

How long can EU citizen stay in Spain?

three months
As a citizen of the EU, EEA or Switzerland, you only need to show your valid identity card or passport to enter Spain. You are entitled to remain in the country for three months to find a job or set up as self-employed.

Can Norwegians move to the UK?

During this period, the United Kingdom will be treated as a member of the EU.The same applies to Norwegian citizens and their family members who have acquired EU/EEA rights through living and working in the United Kingdom, as long as they return to Norway by the end of the transition period (before 31 December 2020).

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Is Norway richer than Sweden?

Norway is currently the sixth richest country in the world when measured by GDP per capita. Norway’s GDP per capita is around $69,000, according to IMF estimates. Neighbour’s and Sweden and Denmark both make the top 20 with GDP’s of around $55,000 and $61,000 respectively.

What country isn’t in the EU?

List of non-EU countries

AMERICAN SAMOA No preferential arrangements applicable
ANDORRA CUSTOMS UNIONS (Andorra)Search for available translations of the preceding linkEN•••
ANGOLA EBASearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN•••

When did the EU allow free movement?

Freedom of movement and residence for persons in the European Union is the cornerstone of EU citizenship, established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992.

Does Ireland have free movement?

The CTA allows free movement of British and Irish citizens between the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man and provides access to various government services in each country. Ireland will continue to allow freedom of movement for citizens of the other 26 EU member states.

See also Why is Glasgow bigger than Edinburgh?

Does Norway have freedom of movement?

Free movement of people means freedom of movement for workers between Norway and EU, and that Norway is a part of the Schengen Area. Norway has been granted participation rights (save voting rights) in several of the Union’s programmes, bodies and initiatives.


Which countries have left EU?

Four territories of EU member states have withdrawn: French Algeria (in 1962, upon independence), Greenland (in 1985, following a referendum), Saint Pierre and Miquelon (also in 1985, unilaterally) and Saint Barthélemy (in 2012), the latter three becoming Overseas Countries and Territories of the European Union.

Is Croatia EU?

Croatia applied for EU membership in 2003 and was in negotiations from 2005 until 2011. On 9 December 2011 leaders from the EU and Croatia signed the accession treaty. The country became the 28th EU member country on 1 July 2013.

Can EU citizens work in Turkey?

In order to work in Turkey, foreigners should obtain a working visa. In addition to this, they will also need to get a working permit. The Law Concerning Work Permits of Expatriates No. 4817, dated March 6, 2003 has introduced fundamental changes in Turkish law.

Can EU citizens work in Canada?

Canada Work Permits for EU Citizens under CETA. Canada now issues work permits to EU citizens in the light of provisions prescribed in the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). The agreement came into effect in September 2017.

Can EU citizens work in UK?

The short answer is, Yes, EU citizens can work in the UK after Brexit, but they need to apply under the Skilled Worker Visa or EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS).

Does Norway have free movement of EU citizens? - 2023 (1)

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Does Norway have free movement of people with EU? ›

Through the EEA Agreement, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein are equal partners in the internal market, on the same terms as the EU member states. This includes having access to the internal market's four freedoms, the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital.

Can EU citizens move to Norway? ›

If you are an EU/EEA national you have the right to live, work and study in Norway. Depending on where you are from, family members of an EU/EEA national can either apply for a residence card or use the registration scheme.

What rights do EU citizens have in Norway? ›

All EU/EEA nationals are allowed to work in Norway

All EU/EEA nationals have the right to work in Norway. EU/EEA nationals can move to Norway and start working right away, but they must register with the police no later than three months after arriving in Norway. Registration is free.

What is Norway's status in the European Union? ›

Norway is not a member state of the European Union (EU). However, it is associated with the Union through its membership of the European Economic Area (EEA), signed in 1992 and established in 1994.

Are Norwegians European Union citizens? ›

The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It allows them to be part of the EU 's single market. Switzerland is not an EU or EEA member but is part of the single market.

Is Norway the freest country? ›

The Freedom House's latest report showed that Sweden, Finland, and Norway were ranked the first as the freest countries out of 210 countries, globally. Respectively, Taiwan was ranked the second freest country in Asia and ranked seventh place in the world with Germany, Estonia, Chile, Barbados, and Iceland.

Why did Norway leave NATO? ›

Norwegian politicians believed that a Nordic pact could only stand with military support from the United States and countries from Western Europe. Norway failed to reconcile this disagreement with Sweden and remained unconvinced that the Nordic option would truly guarantee security.

Is it easy for Americans to move to Norway? ›

After three years holding valid residence permits, it's possible for non-EU/EEA citizens to apply for a permanent residence permit meaning you can live and work in Norway indefinitely with no need to renew permits. Other conditions apply, including a requirement to learn the Norwegian language.

How long can EU citizens stay in Norway? ›

EU/EEA citizens do not need a visa to visit Norway, and can stay for up to three months. If you wish to stay longer, you must register with the police.

Can Americans live in Norway? ›

A residence permit is necessary for most types of work and stays over 90 days in a period of 180 days. For nationals of other countries: Nationals of EU/EEA countries do not need a residence permit to stay or work in Norway.

What are the benefits of being a Norwegian citizen? ›

The benefits of Norwegian citizenship

Some of the services and benefits provided by the NAV (Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration) include unemployment benefits, financial assistance, occupational injury insurance, sickness benefits, health services, family-related benefits, employment schemes and pensions.

Do EU citizens need a residence permit in Norway? ›

Nationals of EU/EEA countries do not need a residence permit to stay or work in Norway. However, all nationals of EU/EEA countries who want to stay for longer than three months must register with the police.

Can Polish people live in Norway? ›

At the beginning of 2023, the largest group of foreign citizens living in Norway came from Poland. There were nearly 112,000 Poles living in Norway that year. Lithuanians and Swedes made up the second and third largest groups, with nearly 50,000 and nearly 37,000 inhabitants each.

Why aren t Norway and Iceland in the EU? ›

Academics have proposed several explanations for why Iceland has not joined the European Union: The importance of the fishing industry to Iceland's economy and the perception that EU membership (and its Common Fisheries Policy) will have an adverse effect on the fishing industry.

Why are Norway and Switzerland not in the EU? ›

Both belong to the Schengen zone: in 2005, 55% of the Swiss voted in favour of joining it. Both keep out of the customs union and have steadfastly refused to join the actual EU, mainly to preserve their own cherished sense of independence and sovereignty.

Why did Norway vote against joining the EU? ›

The main themes of the "No" campaign were loss of sovereignty if Norway should join the Union, as well as the fundamental differences in economic structure between Norway and the EU, as Norway has an economy based heavily on natural resources (especially oil and fish), in contrast to the EU's more industrial economy.

What is Norway if not part EU? ›

Norway is part of the EEA, the EFTA and Schengen, but not of the EU. Inversely, Ireland, Croatia, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania are all part of the EU/EEA but not of Schengen. What is this? Switzerland is part of the EFTA and Schengen, but not the EEA, the EU or indeed, the eurozone.

Can Norwegians live in Europe? ›

Moreover, by virtue of Norway's membership of the European Economic Area (EEA), Norwegian citizens also enjoy freedom of movement within all EEA member states.

Can Norwegians have dual citizenship? ›

From 1 January 2020, it is allowed to have one or more citizenships in addition to a Norwegian citizenship.

Does Norway have free healthcare? ›

While public healthcare is available across Norway, it is only free for people 16 years and younger. It also free for pregnant and/or nursing women, regardless of coverage. Everyone else must pay an annual deductible equivalent to an average of 2,040 NOK (222 USD).

What country is #1 in freedom? ›


What is really the freest country in the world? ›

In the Human Freedom Index report of 2020, New Zealand was ranked first for personal freedom, fourth for civil freedom, and eighth for economic freedom.

Why did Sweden let go of Norway? ›

The dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden was the result of a conflict over the question of a separate Norwegian consular service.

When did France leave NATO? ›

Did you know that France hosted NATO for 15 years? And that although it withdrew from NATO's military structure in 1966, it remained an Ally? What was President de Gaulle's rationale?

Why are Norwegians leaving Norway? ›

Most migration theories say that people move to a country for higher pay, better jobs, or safety. In this respect, it seems like people would want to stay in Norway. However, around 30,000 people leave Norway every year, more than during the famous emigration peaks to the Americas in the 1800's.

Can a retired US citizen move to Norway? ›

Although there is no retirement visa, Norway does grant citizenship and permanent residence visas. To obtain permanent residence, a person must meet several criteria, including an annual income of at least NOK 191,422, or about $21,300. Applicants must also learn Norwegian and pass the relevant tests.

Is Norway friendly to USA? ›

The United States and Norway enjoy a long tradition of friendly relations based on democratic values and mutual respect. Norway is a co-founder and steadfast strategic Ally in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It hosts and participates in NATO exercises and in operations with Allies and Partners.

Is it cheaper to live in Norway or the US? ›

United States is 31.2% more expensive than Norway.

Can a foreigner buy a house in Norway? ›

Foreign citizens living in Norway and people living abroad may freely purchase housing or property in Norway. However, you should be aware that certain types of property may involve an obligation to live in the property (boplikt) or farm the land on the property (driveplikt).

How can I move to Norway permanently? ›

You can become a permanent resident in Norway after three years of legal residence in the country with a temporary residence permit. As an EU/EEA citizen, you can apply for permanent residency after five years of living in Norway. The application is done in person before your current residence permit expires.

Can EU citizens claim benefits in Norway? ›

You might be able to claim benefits if you're from the EU, European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland and you live in the UK. The EEA includes EU countries and also Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.

Can I buy a house in Norway as an American? ›

Expats will be happy to know that there are no restrictions for foreigners purchasing property in the Nordic country. If you are a first-time buyer, you may qualify for the first-time buyer mortgage which allows you to borrow 100% of the purchase price.

What is the easiest Nordic country to move to from USA? ›

The best Scandinavian country to live in: Iceland and Finland. When it comes to deciding which Scandinavian country is easiest to immigrate to, you might also look at Iceland and Finland. These countries aren't always classed as “Scandinavian”, but they often fall into the Nordic category.

What does it take to move to Norway from USA? ›

The exact circumstances for how to move to Norway from a non EU/EEA country will depend on your country of citizenship (find more information here), but essentially you will need to apply for a residence permit that will fall under one of these categories: family immigration, work immigration, study, au pair, and ...

Does Norway give money to its citizens? ›

The sovereign wealth fund is integrated into Norway's fiscal budget: 4 percent of the fund's assets can be spent each year by the government. Unlike the Alaska Permanent Fund, no dividends are paid out each year to its citizens.

Can a US citizen become a Norwegian citizen? ›

If you hold a valid residence permit in Norway and you live here on a permanent basis, you can apply for Norwegian citizenship. Your residence permit must be valid both when you apply for Norwegian citizenship and while your application is being processed.

Can you have dual US and Norwegian citizenship? ›

You are entitled to have two passports, one from each country. In principle, you are entitled to consular aid and help from the authorities of both countries. However, it can be difficult for Norwegian authorities to help you if you are staying in the country in which you have your other citizenship.

Which country is the easiest to get residence permit in Europe? ›

In Europe, countries that give residence permits easily are Portugal, Cyprus, Greece, Montenegro and Malta. You can easily obtain residency in the Americas in Antigua and Barbuda, Mexico, Belize, and Nicaragua. Asian countries whose residence permits are easy to get are Cambodia, Malaysia, and Thailand.

How can a EU citizen register in Norway? ›

When you apply for registration as an EU/EEA citizen, you must also apply for a Norwegian identification number (external website) and tax card (external website) from the Tax Administration. If you stay in Norway for longer than three months without registering, you may be fined.

How long do you have to live in Norway to become a resident? ›

In order to apply for a permanent residence permit, you must have held a residence permit in Norway for at least three years and meet certain other requirements. If you have a permanent residence permit, you will be issued a residence card that is valid for two years at a time.

Is Norway friendly to immigrants? ›

Norway is one of the five most tolerant countries towards immigrants together with Canada, New Zealand, Iceland, and Ireland .

Who is the most immigrant in Norway? ›

Number of immigrants to Norway in 2022, by country of origin
CharacteristicNumber of immigrants
9 more rows
Apr 4, 2023

Who are the most foreigners in Norway? ›

The ten most common countries of origin of immigrants residing in Norway are Poland (97,197), Lithuania (37,638), Sweden (36,315), Somalia (28,696), Germany (24,601), Iraq (22,493), Syria (20,823), Philippines (20,537), Pakistan (19,973) and Eritrea (19,957).

Has Denmark left the EU? ›

Denmark has been a member of the EU since 1973 and a majority support continued Danish membership of the EU. Greenland, after establishing home rule in 1979, voted to leave the European Communities in 1982 while remaining a country of the Kingdom of Denmark.

Does Norway have freedom of movement? ›

The four freedoms

Through the free movement of persons, all EEA nationals have the right to work in any other EEA state. Students, pensioners and people not in paid employment also have the right to reside in another EEA state.

Why didn t Switzerland join the EU? ›

Chronology of the Swiss votes

6 December 1992: joining the European Economic Area is rejected by 50.3% of voters. This vote strongly highlighted the cultural divide between the German- and the French-speaking cantons, the Röstigraben.

What countries have left the EU? ›

The UK is the only sovereign country to have left the EU. The UK had been a member state of the EU or its predecessor the European Communities (EC), sometimes of both at the same time, since 1 January 1973.

Which country is no longer part of European Union? ›

Currently, the United Kingdom is the only former member state to have withdrawn from the European Union.

Why is Norway so rich? ›

The oil and gas industries play a dominant role in the Norwegian economy, providing a source of finance for the Norwegian welfare state through direct ownership of oil fields, dividends from its shares in Equinor, and licensure fees and taxes.

Why didn't Sweden join the EU? ›

Sweden has avoided adopting the euro by not joining the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM II). Sweden fulfills all of the criteria for adopting the euro but has argued that membership of the ERM II system is optional and has refused to join.

Can I live in Norway as an EU citizen? ›

If you are an EU/EEA national you have the right to live, work and study in Norway. Depending on where you are from, family members of an EU/EEA national can either apply for a residence card or use the registration scheme.

Is Norway very expensive? ›

Yes, Norway is still a high cost country, and has also been hit by soaring inflation, higher energy prices, and financial unrest, like many other Western countries, as a result of the war in Ukraine and other global challenges.

Which Nordic states are not in the EU? ›

Iceland, Norway and the non-Schengen territories are not part of EU, and Åland not part of the EU customs union, so there are still customs borders.

Can US residents move to Norway? ›

If you come from a country outside the EU/EEA and want to move to Norway, you must apply for a residence permit. The main regulation is that you must apply for this, and the permit must be awarded, before you move to Norway.

Can Norwegians travel freely in Europe? ›

The Schengen area is a travel zone without borders between the 27 Schengen countries. It allows EU nationals and many non-EU nationals to travel freely without border checks. Since 1985, it's kept growing, and now covers almost all EU countries and a few non-EU countries (Liechtenstein, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland).

How long can I stay in Norway as a European citizen? ›

EU/EEC citizens can visit and work in Norway for up to 90 days without any permit. After 90 days they have to register with the police. With a residence permit from an EU country and a valid passport, you can visit Norway for a maximum period of 90 days without a visitor's visa.

What country does the US not allow dual citizenship? ›

Yes, some countries don't allow dual citizenship with America. Among them are China, United Arab Emirates, India, Austria, Japan, and some others. If you want to obtain citizenship of these countries, you need to renounce your American passport.

How hard is it for an American to become a Norwegian citizen? ›

To apply for Norway citizenship, you must have lived in Norway for at least seven out of the last ten years. This means, during the last ten years, you must not have been out of the country for more than two months per year, and if you add up all the time you lived in Norway, it has to total at least seven years.

Which countries have EU free movement? ›

EU social security coordination provides rules to protect the rights of people moving within the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.

Which countries in the European Union have freedom of movement? ›

Every citizen of the Union has the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. Freedom of movement and residence may be granted, in accordance with the Treaties, to nationals of third countries legally resident in the territory of a Member State.

Does the EU allow free movement of people? ›

As EU citizens, all nationals of the Member States of the European Union have the right to move freely within the European Union and to enter and reside in any EU Member State. This right to freedom of movement is guaranteed by Article 21 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU).

Does Norway have economic freedom? ›

Norway's economic freedom score is 76.9, making its economy the 12th freest in the 2023 Index. Its score is unchanged from last year. Norway is ranked 9th out of 44 countries in the Europe region, and its overall score is well above the world and regional averages.

Can you live anywhere in Europe with an EU passport? ›

An EU citizen is an individual who is considered part of the European Union member states. As an EU citizen, you have the right to live, work, or study anywhere in the European Union, provided that you report your presence after three months in the country.

How long can EU citizen stay in Sweden? ›

EU/EEA citizens in Sweden

If you are a citizen of an EU/EEA country and you are employed, self-employed, studying or have sufficient funds to support yourself, you have the right of residence in Sweden. This means that EU/EEA citizens can stay in Sweden for more than three months without a residence permit.

Which visa allows free movement across most European countries? ›

Free movement of persons enables every EU citizen to travel, work and live in an EU country without special formalities. Schengen underpins this freedom by enabling citizens to move around the Schengen Area without being subject to border checks.

Which country has the most freedom in Europe? ›


Does Switzerland have free movement with EU? ›

Switzerland signed a free-trade agreement with the then European Economic Community in 1972, which entered into force in 1973. Switzerland is a member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and took part in negotiating the European Economic Area (EEA) agreement with the European Union.

Which country has the most freedom of movement? ›

Countries Ranked by Freedom
#CountryHuman Freedom Index
2New Zealand9.01
85 more rows

Do UK citizens still have freedom of movement? ›

End of free movement rights

British citizens' EU citizenship and free movement rights ended when the Brexit transition period expired on 31 December 2020. Those rights had enabled them to visit, live, work or study in an EU Member State without needing a visa.

Can EU citizens buy property anywhere in EU? ›

In general, non-EU foreigners can purchase property in Italy without any limitations. The acquisition must be authorized by an international agreement and their funds must be properly documented. However, there are no restrictions on what EU citizens can buy.

Do Brits have freedom of movement Europe? ›

The UK government has three separate agreements with the 31 European countries that accept freedom of movement. Each agreement provides a strong level of protection for British citizens living or moving to Europe until the end of the transition period.

What are Norway's freedoms? ›

Article 93 guarantees the right to life, and freedom from the death penalty and torture. Article 95 states the right to a fair trial, and makes judges and the courts independent. Article 98 defines all people as equal. Article 108 guarantees the preservation of Sami language, culture, and way of life.

Is Norway politically stable? ›

Norway is politically stable, with strong property rights protection and an effective legal system. Productivity is significantly higher than the EU average. Norwegian lawmakers and businesses welcome foreign investment as a matter of policy and the government generally grants national treatment to foreign investors.


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