Cyberstalking Facts: The stalker & cyberstalker profile involves multiple descriptions, definitions and dimensions. With the advent of Information and Communications Technology, cyberstalking has grown to become a concern for law enforcement and anyone engaged in online activities.
The typologies of stalkers are theoretical descriptions shared by both the cyber and physical stalkers. The goal of victim prevention is to first understand their rationale for acting as a predator and then develop strategies to prevent becoming a victim. Learning to profile and predict the stalker & cyberstalker reduces the predator’s objective of causing you or your loved ones psychological and physical harm.
Stalking is a behavior wherein a person willfully and repeatedly engages in conduct directed towards another person who, if known by the victim, causes significant concern and fear. The predator that initiates and sustains the stalking behavior(s) may or may not recognize he/she is causing their victim serious alarm, perceptual torment and the unfortunate experience of being terrorized.
(Video) Cyber stalking statistics - NoBullying.com - Why this type of bullying is dangerous.
Stalking involves one person’s obsessive behavior toward another person. Initially, stalking usually takes the form of annoying, threatening or obscene telephone calls, emails or letters. During this period, the victim views the stalker’s actions as more of a form of harassment as opposed to an escalating dangerous situation. Once the harassment stage has been established, it is during this period that the potential victim needs to contact law enforcement. It is also crucial to begin keeping a written log documenting each time the stalker makes contact.
Psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health professionals view most stalkers as suffering from a psychiatric illness(s) causing them to be psychotic or delusional. When not deemed as psychotic, stalkers are considered plagued by some type of personality disorder or fueled by unique psychological factors. In the most severe cases, the stalker is defined as a predatory stalker or sociopath.
Whatever the psychological rationale may be, the stalker rarely comprehends the fear he/she is causing the other person. Blinded by his/her motivations to stalk someone in the first place causes them to lose sight of the fear and terror they are causing. When anger, rage and hostility towards the victim are involved, the stalker is fully aware of the anguish he/she is causing, but feels the victim is deserving of the fear or simply does not care. In 1999, Australian stalking expert, Dr. Paul Mullen, and a group of investigators identified five types of stalkers, which remain applicable today for stalkers and cyberstalkers and as follows:
The Best VPN Server Countries to Connect Through"Unfair and irresponsible" claim? Pinoy vlogger sa South Korea, inimbestigahan ang "Hermes snub" kay Sharon CunetaEnglish Pronunciation Rules and How to Learn ThemModes of Communication: Types, Meaning and Examples | Leverage Edu
Stalker & Cyberstalking Typologies
I. Rejected Cyberstalkers: This type of cyberstalker is motivated to pursue their victim in attempt to reverse what they perceive as a wrongful set of circumstances causing a prior divorce, separation or termination of a relationship. These offenders either feel misunderstood hoping to reverse the breakup or feel angry and seeking revenge because their attempts at reconciliation with the victim has failed in the past.
II. Resentful Cyberstalkers: This type of cyberstalker can be dangerous given their perceived motivation for stalking. Resentful cyberstalkers are fully aware the victim is cognizant of the stalking but continues to fulfill a distorted vendetta he/she feels is warranted. Fear and distress experienced by the victim are the goals of this type of cyberstalker. For this type of profile, the cyberstalker believes the victim both deserves and requires being frightened because they have caused them and/or others anguish and distress.
III. Intimacy Seekers: This type of cyberstalker does not have ill will towards their victim and simply wants to engage in a loving relationship with them. Intimacy seekers view their victims as their soulmate destined to be together at all costs. Within their mind, they believe it is their job and purpose to make sure destiny of a loving relationship is fulfilled. Intimacy seeking cyberstalkers are often the segment of men or women who harass celebrities and public figures. Blinded by their distorted perceptions of a destined love, they lose sight of the distress and fear they are causing the person they cyberstalk.
IV. Incompetent Suitors: These people who fit this profile are cyberstalkers deeply enamored with their victim. Their interest for the victim at times can reach a state of fixation whereby their entire waking life is focused on the endeavor of one day becoming a couple. They tend to lack social, communication or courting skills and may feel entitled that their fantasy of a loving relationship is inevitable. Feeling entitled and/or deserving of a relationship with the victim inspires the cyberstalker to gradually increase their frequency of contact. Although like the Intimacy Seeker cyberstalker, incompetent suitors are more gradual in their means and methods of contact.
V. Predatory Cyberstalkers: Of the six types, the predatory cyberstalker can be the most dangerous and determined. This type of cyberstalker is motivated by a perverted sexual need. They engage in actively planning an attack along with fantasizing about sexual acts with their victim. They do not have feelings of love for their victim nor motivated by a belief of predestination. Their fuel to dominate and victimize resembles the psychopath experiencing little to no remorse for the welfare of their victim.
VI. Ghost Cyberstalkers: Not included in Dr. Mullen’s five stalker profiles, the ghost cyberstalker is unique to the Information Age. They are online assailants who their target cannot identify. Using Cyberstealth, the ghost cyberstalker repeatedly makes direct or indirect threats of physical harm and inspires fear. They can represent an amalgamation of the other five types, be a predatory troll or a sadistic online user with no connection to their victim. Ghost cyberstalkers rely upon the veil of anonymity afforded to all online users.
Understanding the types of cyberstalker and what motivates them is the first step in reducing the probability of becoming one of their victims. Unfortunately, many men, women and society in general minimize the cyberstalker profile and mistakenly view these people as “unfortunate souls looking for love.” What people fail to understand is most of these predators engaged in cyberstalking suffer troublesome psychiatric illnesses, psychological issues, or motivated by urges to sexually dominate their victim(s).
“Welcome to the unseemly and perverse world of cyberstalkers; the digitally depraved and malevolent iPredators.”
(Video) What Is CYBER-STALKING? Is It Happening To Me? - Psychotherapy Crash Course
Michael Nuccitelli, Psy.D.
Most states have cyberstalking, cyber harassment and cyberbullying laws and/or include Information and Communications Technology within their traditional stalking or harassment laws. Protecting minors from online bullying and harassment have led states to enact cyber bullying laws. Cyberstalking is the use of Information and Communications Technology to stalk and refers to a pattern of threatening or malicious behaviors. Cyberstalking may be considered the most dangerous of the three types of information and communications technology harassment, based on posing a credible threat of harm. Legal sanctions range from misdemeanors to felonies and vary by state.
Cyber harassment differs from cyberstalking in that it is not involving a credible physical threat. Cyber harassment usually pertains to threatening or harassing messages using Information and Communications Technology to torment an individual, group or organization. Some states approach cyber harassment by including language addressing electronic communications in general harassment laws, while others have created stand-alone cyber harassment statutes.
Cyberbullying and cyber harassment are sometimes used interchangeably, but cyber bullying is used for electronic harassment or bullying among minors. Recent cyber bullying legislation reflects a trend of making school districts the policy enforcers of cyber bullying. As a result, statutes establish the infrastructure for schools to handle this issue by amending existing school anti-bullying policies to include cyber bullying and cyber harassment among school age children. Most of these state laws establish sanctions for all forms of cyber bullying on school property, school buses and official school functions.
However, some have also extended sanctions to include cyberbullying activities that originate off-campus, believing that activities off-campus can have a detrimental and disruptive effect on a child’s learning environment. The legal sanctions for cyberbullying range from misdemeanors to felonies with detention, suspension and expulsion from school.
Cyberbullying is a generic term used to define harmful, repeated and hostile online behavior intended to deprecate a targeted online user. Cyberbullying describes threatening or disparaging communications delivered through ICT. Whereas classic bullying typically involves face-to-face interactions and non-digital forms of communication, cyber bullying consists of information exchanged via ICT and may never involve face-to-face encounters.
[Ver Gratis] Hocus Pocus 2  Ver Películas Online Gratis CastellanoStores Like ASOS: 12 Alternatives For Men (Online and IRL)20 mejores campañas en redes socialesTutorial: Azure AD SSO integration with Sage Intacct - Microsoft Entra
Bullying or classic bullying is a term used to define recurrent and sustained verbal and/or physical attacks by a child, adolescent or adult towards others who are unable or unwilling to deescalate the engagement. It may involve verbal harassment, physical assault, coercion, intimidation, humiliation and taunting. Bullying is composed of a combination of four basic types of abuse: emotional, social, verbal and physical abuse. Despite variants in definition, bullying always involves the use of harassment, force or coercion to affect a targeted victim. Classic bullying requires face-to-face interactions within the repertoire of behaviors. Among the billions of online users, lurks a dangerous element the unsuspecting person may fall victim to. Cyberstalkers and online predators are two groups who access the Internet seeking harmful interactions. In most cyberstalking events, the assailant is termed an iPredator.
Three Free Educational Cyberstalking Assessment Links
Cyberstalking Prevention Checklist [CSPC]
iPredator Probability Inventory – Cyberstalking [IPI-CS]
Cyberstalker Identification Interview [CSII]
Stalking and Cyberstalking also falls under the theoretical construct of Dark Psychology, coined by this writer. Dark Psychology is the study of the human condition as it relates to the psychological nature of people to prey upon others. All of humanity has this potential to victimize other humans & living creatures. While many restrain or sublimate this tendency, some act upon these impulses.
Dark Psychology seeks to understand those thoughts, feelings and perceptions that lead to predatory behavior. Dark Psychology assumes that this production is purposive and has some rational, goal-oriented motivation 99% of the time. The remaining 1%, under Dark Psychology, is the brutal victimization of others without purposive intent or defined by evolutionary science or religious dogma.
(Video) Facts About Cyberstalkers 1
With the advent of the internet, a unique environment now exists for Cyberstalkers and online predators. Millions of children, teens and adults create billions of internet exchanges daily. With the addition of cell phone and text messaging, the daily exchange number reaches the billions. Digital technology, telecommunications and the cyberspace environment are now hunting grounds for online predators and iPredators.
Cyberstalking was predicted as inevitable for years, but only recently have parents, young people and community agencies started to focus on this growing problem. To exemplify how this warning has been explained for well over a decade, the Department of Justice (DOJ) authored and released the 1999 Report “Cyberstalking: A New Challenge for Law Enforcement and Industry“ and defined cyberstalking, the dangers to children and cyberstalking resources. In this report, the DOJ is not only thorough, but prophetic as well. They clearly stated the problems of cyberstalking and predicted the number of online predators would increase with each passing year.
It is many years later, and the DOJ was correct in their predictions. Although the resources they provide are all highly reputable with excellent information, Working to Halt Online Abuse (WHOA), National Center for Victims of Crime, Cyber Angels and National Cybercrime Training Partnership are four organizations with incredible resources and educational tools.
For those interested in furthering their knowledge base on cyberstalkers and online predators, the International Association of Computer Investigation (IACIS) is a reputable organization. Their mission as stated at their web site is “IACIS® is an international volunteer non-profit corporation composed of law enforcement professionals dedicated to education in the field of forensic computer science. IACIS members represent Federal, State, Local and International Law Enforcement professionals. Regular IACIS members have been trained in the forensic science of seizing and processing computer systems.”
Although expert associations like the DOJ and IACIS work to apprehend online predators, the number of cyber stalkers will continue to grow and it must be the citizens themselves to learn how to reduce their potential for becoming a future victim. The cyber stalker refers to a male, female or group of people who use the internet, e-mail, or any other electronic communications device to stalk another person. Stalking is defined as a behavior wherein a person willfully and repeatedly engages in conduct directed towards another person who, if known by the victim, can cause significant concern and fear.
Stalking generally involves harassing or threatening behavior that an individual or group engages in repeatedly targeting a victim(s). Cyberstalking is the same but includes the methods of intimidation and harassment via information and communications technology. Cyberstalking consists of harassing and/or tormenting behaviors in the form of:
I. Electronic messaging such as classic emails, text messages and Twitter.
II. Spamming and/or sending threatening emails to the victim or victim’s family, friends or co-workers.
III. Posting the victim’s personal information such as name, address, phone numbers, and e-mail address online.
IV. Posting offensive comments in the victim’s name.
V. Creating and posting sexually explicit images of the victim or victim’s loved ones.
VI. Hacking into the victim’s computer, accounts and mobile devices.
VII. Subscribing the victim to pornography sites and unwanted advertising.
VIII. Attaching spyware to emails or installing it on the computer.
IX. Setting up websites that threaten the victim or encourage others to contact, harass or harm them.
X. Computer Monitoring Software, or “Spyware,” allows a cyberstalker to monitor computer and Internet activities and discover a victim’s efforts to escape or access help. This software can be installed remotely or by physically accessing the victim’s computer.
Most stalking laws in the United States require the offender(s) to make a credible threat of violence against the victim. In addition to directly threatening the victim with harm, family members who are threatened may also be grounds for arrest. Depending on state laws, the alleged stalker’s course of conduct can constitute an implied threat. The National Center for Victims of Crime is a dedicated association, which can assist locating and defining state stalking laws and how to proceed.
9 Creative Writing Jobs You Can Do From Home20+ best online marketplaces in Germany - E-commerce Germany NewsErikson's Eight Stages of Development - GoodTherapy.org Therapy Blog25 Spanish Terms Of Endearment For Family And Friends
While some stalking and cyberstalking conduct involving annoying or bothersome behavior falls short of illegal stalking, these behaviors may be a prelude to more intense stalking and violence. The goal is to treat these actions as serious and not to minimize. Although these behaviors could be defined as harassment, the time to become proactive is when knowledge of these actions becomes apparent.
Cyberstalkers are often motivated by negative emotions or serious psychological factors. Psychiatric illness, obsession fixations, revenge, hate, anger and jealousy are common affective states fueling the cyber stalker. At times, the victim may not even know or ever met the cyberstalker indicating another red flag of alert. Once aware of any indication of harassment or stalking has been initiated, the immediate next step is contacting local authorities. Although contacting local authorities may sound overblown or drastic, the potential outcome of not doing so may be far worse.
The methods the cyberstalker engages in ranges from novice to advanced. The more advanced they are in new electronic technology, the more proficient they become at targeting their victim. One of the methods few victims are aware of used by the cyberstalker is called cyber or digital surveillance. Cyber surveillance has both positive and negative applications. In the wrong hands, cyber surveillance can be deadly.
(Video) How Cyberstalking Works and How to Avoid it I NordVPN
Also called Digitally Mediated Surveillance (DMS), this advanced technology is becoming increasingly prevalent and more accessible by those seeking to secure their environment and those seeking to spy on others. Each time a person goes online, text messages, or uses anything else involving electronic communications, they produce a growing stream of personal digital data of interest to unseen others. As DMS becomes more accessible to the general population, the more careful unsuspecting victims will have to be.
A cyberstalker using cyber surveillance initially does not present a direct physical threat to his/her potential victim but follows the victim’s online activity to gather information on their personal habits and contacts. After sufficient data is compiled, he/she begins to make threats and other forms of verbal intimidation. The anonymity provided to the cyberstalker by online interactions reduces the probability of identification.
This veil of invisibility and low probability of identification makes Cyberstalking far more common than physical stalking. Although cyberstalking might seem harmless by the younger generation or veteran online users, it can easily evolve into psychological and emotional harm. As part of the evolution of cyberstalking and victim inactivity, the veiled hidden harassment may lead to actual physical stalking and/or physical/sexual assault.
Cyberstalkers and Online Predators
Cyberstalkers and online predators target their victims via websites, chat rooms, discussion forums, message boards, blogs, email and text messaging. The availability of free email, website space and frequency of electronic communication usage provides the iPredator with a digital footprint. Having access to this information along with cyberstealth, the increase of cyberstalking in the form of harassment becomes obvious. The cyberstalker starts by quickly doing a Google or search engine search using the person’s alias, real name or email address or any other personal data. Other ways to compile personal information, which one would think innocuous, is by researching a victim’s public profile available at any social media site like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.
Cyber stalking is a quickly growing form of computer related crime in communities across the country. Cyberstalking is when a person is followed, monitored, harassed and pursued online. Whether the victim is aware or not, their privacy is invaded, their every move is watched and their personal information is slowly compiled. Once aware the stalking is occurring, this form of harassment often disrupts the life of the victim and leaves them feeling very afraid, threatened anxious and worried.
Cyberstalking usually occurs with women stalked by men, but women at greater rates are increasingly stalking men. Present numbers estimate the gender ratio at 3-1 with women being stalked three times as much. One of the fastest growing segments of victims is children stalked by adult predators, pedophiles and their peer groups.
The obvious difference between physical stalking and cyberstalking is that the cyberstalker does not have to open his or her front door. Everything he/she does can be done online and veiled by anonymity or what this writer has termed, Cyberstealth. Cyberstealth, a concept formulated along with iPredator, is a term used to define a method and/or strategy by which iPredators can establish and sustain complete anonymity while they troll and stalk a target. In addition to a stratagem, Cyberstealth is a reality of ICT, which humanity often fails to fathom. Given the internet inherently affords everyone anonymity, cyberstealth used by iPredator ranges from negligible to complex and multi-faceted.
Cyberstalkers need not have to leave their home to find and harass their targets. Having this anonymity, they have no fear of physical violence or the victim’s loved ones since they cannot be physically touched in cyberspace. They also feel confident legal intervention is not likely given their invisibility. Essentially, Cyberstalkers have a free ticket to act and behave without repercussions. Given this cloak preventing identification, they may be thousands of miles away, as close as a neighbor or even closer being a relative. Their unknown potential, geographic whereabouts or motivations can be a chilling experience.
Cyberstalking and the online predators who engage in these behaviors are growing with every passing year. Although organizations like the Department of Justice and the National Center for Victims of Crime work diligently to educate the public, society remains ignorant to the predators lurking within cyberspace. The reasoning for the public’s refusal for educating themselves and/or children lies in honest denial.
By not affirming these dangers are real, people do not have to be concerned or set boundaries on the information they reveal online. Cyberstalkers and iPredators rely on the public not becoming educated on the necessary steps involved to reduce their potential of becoming their next target. The steps needed for online protection and reasonable security is quite easy and straightforward. Educate yourself and loved ones on iPredator and cyberstalking profiles, set boundaries on personal information disclosed online, refrain from engaging in social exchanges with people you do not know, familiarize yourself with local laws on cyber harassment and always have local law enforcement’s contact information at hand.
Top 10 Online Payment Gateway Platforms in Nigeria - Business Success GuideCara Mengutip kutipan yang Dikutip orang lain atau sumber keduaTop 10 Best Audio Mixer Software for FREE Plumber Fawn Creek KS - Local Plumbing and Emergency Plumbing Services in Fawn Creek Kansas
(Video) This is How a Stalker's Brain Works And It's Really Disturbing
Michael Nuccitelli, Psy.D.
Michael Nuccitelli, Psy.D. is a NYS licensed psychologist, cyberpsychology researcher and online safety educator. In 2009, Dr. Nuccitelli finalized his dark side of cyberspace concept called iPredator. Since 2010, he has advised those seeking information about cyberbullying, cyberstalking, cybercriminal minds, internet addiction and his Dark Psychology concept. By day Dr. Nuccitelli is a practicing psychologist, clinical supervisor and owner of MN Psychological Services, PLLC. After work and on the weekends, he volunteers helping online users who have been cyber-attacked. Dr. Nuccitelli’s is always available to interested parties and the media at no cost. This website and everything created by Dr. Nuccitelli is educational, free and public domain.
- Sending unwanted, frightening, or obscene emails, or text messages.
- Harassing or threatening you on social media.
- Tracking your computer and internet use.
- Using technology such as GPS to track where you are.
Often, cyberstalkers pursue their victims over a sustained period. An overwhelming majority of cyberstalkers are men, while victims are usually women. However, cyberstalking cases where women were the perpetrators are not unheard of.What is cyber stalking explain various types of stalkers with a case study? ›
It has stalkers take the assistance of e-mails and other forms of message applications, messages announce to an online website or a discussion cluster, typically even the social media to send unwanted messages, and harass a specific person with unwanted attention.What are the four categories of stalking? ›
Questions about stalking behaviors can be grouped into the four SLII categories: Surveillance, Life invasion, Intimidation, and Interference through sabotage or attack (SLII).What is the most common form of cyberstalking? ›
Unsolicited e-mail is the most common form of cyberstalking. With e-mail, it's possible to send the victim computer viruses or other junk mail.What is the golden rule of cyber stalking? ›
The golden rule here is not to make the mistake of underestimating the seriousness of the situation. Go with your instinct. If you feel uncomfortable, end all communications immediately.What are the following stalking behaviors? ›
Examples of stalking behaviors include:
Repeated, unwanted phone calls, texts, messages, etc. that may or may not be threatening. Creating fake profiles to continue contacting a person after they have been blocked on their personal account. Observing, following or “coincidentally” showing up wherever the person goes.
Though stalking is a gender-neutral crime, women are the primary victims of stalking and men are the primary perpetrators. Seventy-eight percent of the stalking victims identified by the survey were women, and 22 percent were men. Thus, four out of five stalking victims are women.Who is most at risk for cyberstalking? ›
Women are more likely to be victims than men; according to a survey conducted by Statista, 64% of victims are female, while 36% are male. Sexual minorities face a higher risk; the Cyberbullying Research Center reported that 52% of LGBT youth experienced cyberstalking, compared to 25% of non-LGBT youth.What are cyberstalking offending behaviors? ›
Cyberstalkers gather per- sonal information to harass a victim, or continuously send unwanted emails or text messages. These offenders may hack into social media or email accounts to imper- sonate their victims, or even monitor their location with listening devices, cameras or spyware.
Using this typology, stalkers can be classified as a former sexual intimate (ex-intimate), an acquaintance (including friends and family members), or a stranger (either public figure or private stranger) (see Mohandie, Meloy, Green-McGowan, & Williams (2006). Journal of Forensic Sciences 51, 147–155).Who investigates cyber stalking? ›
The FBI is the lead federal agency for investigating cyber attacks and intrusions. We collect and share intelligence and engage with victims while working to unmask those committing malicious cyber activities, wherever they are.What is false victimization in cyber stalking? ›
Sending the target threatening, controlling, or lewd messages or emails. Making a fake social media profile to follow the victim. Gaining access to the victim's online accounts. Posting or disseminating real or fictitious photos of the victim. Attempting to obtain explicit photographs of the victim.What is the most common consequence of stalking? ›
Victims of stalking experience a number of disruptive psychological consequences of stalking, including significant fear and safety concerns, as well as symptoms of depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (2). Most stalking victims do not seek mental health services (2).What causes someone to stalk another person? ›
Stalking is often underpinned by a mix of righteousness and entitlement when someone believes that their standards of right and wrong are indisputable, and thus feel unable to respect someone's desire for no contact.What form of abuse is stalking? ›
Stalking is a form of mental assault, in which the perpetrator repeatedly, unwantedly, and disruptively breaks into the life-world of the victim, with whom they have no relationship (or no longer have).How does cyberstalking start? ›
Cyberstalking is the persistent harassment of a victim through distressing communications sent via the internet or other electronic means. Internet stalking can happen through email, text message, social media, web forums, GPS trackers, or any type of digital community, channel, or other online tool.What are the characteristics of a cyberstalker? ›
- Blackmailing a victim using personal information or photos.
- Making false accusations about a victim online.
- Publicly posting derogatory statements about a victim.
- Posing as a victim online to cause harm to their life or career.
- emotional abuse.
- sexual abuse.
- sexual exploitation.
Online gaming is not a cybercrime.
A crime that does not involve a computer, a network and a networked device is not a cybercrime. In cybercrime, a computer may have been used to target the victim. Some examples of cybercrime are Phishing, Cyberstalking, Spoofing, Privacy breach, Data breach, identity theft, etc.
Cyberstalking, or the stalking of a person by electronic means (often the internet), is a kind of electronic harassment. Harassment takes many forms and might include monitoring someone's online behavior, making threats, stealing their identity or data, or even faking their data.What is emotional stalking? ›
A pattern of behavior directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for the person's safety or the safety of others; or suffer substantial emotional distress.Do stalkers lose interest? ›
Sometimes, these stalkers will grow "bored" and find a "new" person to be interested in, leaving you alone - they may come back to you at a later date, when they lose interest in the person they are stalking, at that particular time.Which of the following is an example of the most common type of stalking? ›
Simple Obsessional: This is the most common type of stalker. The stalker is usually a male and the focus of the stalking is an ex-wife, ex-lover or former boss.Why would someone cyberstalk me? ›
Cyberstalking of intimate partners is the online harassment of a current or former romantic partner. It is a form of domestic violence, and experts say its purpose is to control the victim in order to encourage social isolation and create dependency.What are the two types of stalkers? ›
- Rejected Stalker. Some stalkers have been rejected by a person they wanted a relationship with, or have just experienced a breakup. ...
- Predatory Stalker. ...
- Incompetent Suitor. ...
- Resentful Stalker. ...
- Intimacy-Seeker. ...
- Political Stalker.
In over 10% of the incidents, they reported forced or attempted sexual contact. The “highest rates of stalking victimization” occur in persons ages 18 to 19 and 20 to 24.What is aggressive stalking? ›
Aggravated stalking requires the stalker to willfully, maliciously, and repeatedly follow or harass another person, and make a credible threat with the intent to place that person in reasonable fear of death or bodily injury.How do you deal with cyberstalker? ›
Cyberstalking - Do this first!
Do not respond to their communications, never agree to meet and do not confront them about the stalking. Report it to the police - The police take stalking reports seriously and they have lots of experience investigating them. Report it early to the police directly using 101.
Common Psychological Effects of Being Cyberstalked
Depressive symptoms. Somatic symptoms. Insomnia. Post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Block Your Stalker Online. All social media platforms let users block other users from seeing their account activities. ...
- Adjust Your Account Privacy Settings. ...
- Block Their Calls and Emails. ...
- Change Your Number and Email. ...
- Report Your Stalker to Law Enforcement. ...
- Get a Restraining Order.
Insecurity and inability to trust others impacting on current and future relationships and friendships, Problems with physical and emotional intimacy. Avoidance of usual activities e.g., going to the gym, going out. Isolation through trying to protect others, feeling misunderstood or psychological symptoms.What is the one trait all stalkers have in common? ›
The one trait all stalkers share is that they suffer from a personality or mental disorder, if not both.What are the five types of stalkers? ›
- Intimacy seeker.
- Incompetent suitor.
The phenomenon of stalking has been linked with erotomania and describes the course of conduct in which one individual repeatedly intrudes upon another producing fear and distress. The intrusions can involve following, loitering nearby, maintaining surveillance and making approaches (Pathe & Mullen 1997).How is cyberstalking prosecuted? ›
Depending on the breadth of evidence brought forward in a legal complaint, a person accused of cyberstalking may face misdemeanor or felony charges. Misdemeanor charges for an individual without an existing criminal history can include one year of jail time and up to $1,000 in fines.Can the police help with cyberstalking? ›
In some cases, police departments treat cases of cyber harassment in the same fashion as offline harassment cases, by taking a report and having detectives followup on it.What are 5 computer crimes? ›
- Phishing Scams.
- Website Spoofing.
- IOT Hacking.
Stalking victims often experience trouble sleeping, eating, and focusing, or they may have disturbing thoughts and flashbacks. Victims often lose time from work as a result of the stalking. And some take drastic measures to protect themselves such as moving or changing their names.What is the trauma of false accusations? ›
Loss of self-confidence and fear
The victim will feel they have had their reputation and sense of self-worth destroyed and the result of this is that their self-confidence can be wrecked 3. Some will feel anxious, hypervigilant and even paranoid in public places, believing that they are being judged by others.
Harassment is very similar to stalking; however, the most significant difference between stalking and harassment is that, in order to convict an individual of harassment, the state only has to prove that the defendant was engaging in a course of conduct with the intent to annoy or bother another individual.What is cyber stalking with its three examples? ›
Cyberstalking is the use of the Internet or other electronic means to stalk or harass an individual, group, or organization. It may include false accusations, defamation, slander and libel. It may also include monitoring, identity theft, threats, vandalism, solicitation for sex, doxing, or blackmail.How do you prove you are being cyberstalked? ›
Limiting the amount of personal information that is public is an effective way to prove someone is cyberstalking you. If personal information and photographs are not easily accessible to the general public, a cyberstalker may have difficulty explaining how they accessed it.What is intimate cyberstalking? ›
Intimate partner cyberstalking refers to the monitoring and controlling of an intimate partner through technologies. Unlike the cyberstalking of strangers, less is known about the motives and perpetration of intimate partner cyberstalking.